Some of publications in Faculty of Medical Technology
Malaria in Illegal Immigrants in Southern Libya
Background: Libya has been malaria-free since 1973. The risk of malaria re-introduction to Libya is increasing because of the increase in imported malaria cases due to immigration to Libya from countries where malaria is endemic. Cases are mainly due to P. falciparum and Sub-Saharan Africa is the most common origin. This study was conducted to investigate the prevalence of malaria positive cases among illegal immigrants in the southern region of Libya.
Methods: A prospective, observational, multi-center study was conducted. Three hundred and three illegal immigrants from 12 different countries were included. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to detect the presence of serum malaria antibodies.
Results: A total of 303 immigrants were included in the study with mean age of 25.78±5.92 years. Of them, 195 tested positive for malaria antibodies. Two hundred and sixty nine of the participants came from Brak Al-Shati, 16 from Sebha and 18 from Bergan centers, with 175, 15 and 5 positive cases, respectively. Most of the positive cases (172) arrived in Libya within 1-10 months. The highest number of positive cases (70) came from Ghana followed by (40) from Niger and (39) from Bangladesh.
Illegal immigration is a major malaria re-introduction route. The issue of illegal immigration have to be treated urgently to stop the huge influx of illegal immigrants and increase the surveillance activities of infectious diseases in order to keep Libyan territories as a malaria-free lands.
Key words: Illegal immigration, Malaria, Libya.
Fadwa Jamaledden Mustafa Kamel Mahanay, Badereddin Bashir K. Annajar, Asma A Ali Oun(11-2021)
Assessment of the current die spacing materials that provides the most accurate internal and marginal fit of metal crowns
one of the main factors that affect the success of the cast crown is the accuracy of the
internal and marginal fit, a well-fitting crown reduces the chance for recurrent caries and
periodontal disease, whereas the space between a poorly-fitting crown and tooth
preparation enables accumulation of bacterial plaque, the use of paint- on die spacing
technique to produce the cement gap and subsequently to improve the seating of the cast
crowns has become quite popular in the recent years.
The purpose of the study is to compare the marginal gap and the internal fit produced by
two paint-on die spacing materials (Manicure and paint on die spacer ).
Twenty four identical stone dies were made, 12 were coated with paint- on die spacer
material, and 12 were coated with nail varnish material, the dies coated with die
spacer were divided into three groups (DA,DB,DC), and the dies coated with nail
varnish were also divided into three groups (VA,VB,VC), groups DA and VA were
coated with one layer, DB and VB were coated with two layers, DC and VC were coated
with three layers, for both groups wax patterns were made and casted using the lost
waxing technique and all steps were standardized, impression replicas of the casted
crowns were made and sectioned by means of the impression replica technique,
measurements were taken using Scanning Electron Microscope, from 4 points (marginal
gap, mid-axial, axio-occlusal and mid-occlusal). There was no statistical significant
difference in accuracy between crowns fabricated on die spacer coated dies and crowns
fabricated on nail varnish coated dies. with the crowns fabricated on die spacer coated
dies being slightly more accurate. ABDUSSALAM ELJABALI(12-2019)
الحماية التشريعية للحريات العامة في القانون الليبي
طالما أن الفرد والمجتمع متلازمان ولا ينفصلان، فإنه يجب تنظيم العلاقة بين سلطة الدولة وحريات الأفراد وبما أن ،في المجتمع الدستور يمثل وسيلة الحكم الديمقراطي في المجتمعات المتقدمة، فعليه تقع مهمة تنظيم هذه العلاقة تحيل كونه يس تصور مجتمع بشري بدون تشريع، فالرابطة الاجتماعية هي رابطة قانونية قبل كل شيء وحيث يكون المجتمع يكون القانون. وفي الواقع، لا تكون حماية ممارسة الحريات العامة دائما وفي كل مكان بنفس الطريقة، حتى داخل الدولة كما أن ال ،الواحدة حلول تختلف تبعا للحريات المعنية، أي تبعا للنشاط الإنساني المعني، وأنماط تنظيمها لا يقع دائما على ذات المستوى ، وإنما يتغير تبعا للحالات العادية التي يكون فيها المجتمع والظروف الاستثنائية التي تمر .بها البلاد لذلك فإن أساليب تنظيم الحرية ليست واحدة فقد تكون عن طريق الدستور أو القانون كما قد تكون عن طريق القرارات الإدارية التنظيمية . حسام علي الحاج (6-2019)